Paraphrasing skills in counsellingOn 31.10.2020 by Samukree
A brief introduction about paraphrasing. This reaction encourages additional thoughts and new expressions which then aid the client in examining conflicts. To avoid parroting, try and recall how you were processing as you listened to the client, come at what the client has said from a different perspective, use your own words, change the order and refer to an expressed but unnamed emotion. This is highly useful as it helps the client feel a higher degree of rapport with the social worker.
Also, when a client shares a particular insight, parroting might help the insight to sink in further. Key points to remember while paraphrasing:.
However, effective paraphrasing comes from an attitude, a desire to know what the other person means. Hence, it is essential to communicate the meaning that their words convey to you. Social workers use a wide range of different lead-ins for paraphrasing. This would add variety to the interview. Some common examples are listed below:. Social workers should remember to state paraphrases in a tentative way so the clients can correct errors, confirm accuracy or provide more detail.
Also, a tentative paraphrase helps to pave the way for open discussions that might lead to deeper explorations. What is the purpose of paraphrasing? In the beginning stage, paraphrasing is especially important as the social worker is just starting to understand how the client feels and thinks. The client has an opportunity to know that the social worker has been listening to them, is with them and is interested in what he or she has to say.
Thus, paraphrasing has a powerful and positive effect as the client in turn would release their defense guard and would share more without fear. Sharing more would lead to new understanding or insights for client with respect to their feelings and problems. Through paraphrasing, client can also have an idea if the social worker has understood what he or she has said.
If he or she feels that they have yet to be accurately understood by the social worker, then this provides them a chance to try to make the message clearer or correct the inaccuracy. On the other hand, if the paraphrase is accurate, it engages the client more and makes them open up more.
Paraphrasing helps in the process of sorting out important from less important information. This helps the client to not only focus on the content of his or her message but also aid them in organizing their disjointed thoughts. Lastly, paraphrasing helps to highlight content when attention to feelings is too early or self-defeating. Client: I lost my job at the start of the year.
On top of that I had marital problems with my husband. Social worker: It sounds like you know you should avoid staying in bed or sitting around all day to help your depression. Client: I have been having a terrible time at work. I am so restless and I cant seem to concentrate. Social Worker: In other words, you find difficulty in concentrating and that your supervisor is displeased with your work and may fire you. Is that right?
How paraphrasing could be used with other skills. It is important to note that reflecting expressions in the relationships have been regarded as a similar psychological technique to paraphrasing although it includes emotional aspects which are beyond cognitional elements that are used in paraphrasing. Nevertheless, using both paraphrasing and reflecting in the counselling process encourages the client to explore and examine their feelings and thoughts and also brightens significant hidden aspects and lastly aids in developing an insight.
You are commenting using your WordPress. You are commenting using your Google account. You are commenting using your Twitter account.Ensuring that you understand your clients, and that your clients feel understood by you is foundational to the counseling relationship. The skills on this page are particularly useful for building the counseling relationship by helping your clients to know that you are hearing and understanding what they are saying.
All three methods involve repeating back, in your own words, what the client has said. Counselors often go beyond simple repetition and include their own interpretations of the client's emotions or existential meaning to increase the "depth" of the session. These techniques can often be used in place of questions, as, like questions, they prompt the client to reflect or talk more.
However, these techniques often have additional benefits of questions as they also demonstrate that the counselor empathizes with and understands each client.
Summaries, paraphrases, and reflections can be described as:. Counselors can reflect a wide range of information, but reflections typically include one or more of the following:. Counselors can intentionally use language to increase or decrease the emotional intensity of their reflections, thereby altering a client's emotional arousal. Using evocative language and metaphors e.
Conversely, a counselor might support a client in containing their emotions toward the end of the session, so the client is prepared to leave the session.
It is important that counselors attempt to match their reflections to the emotional intensity of the client's experience. Thus, intentionality is important when counselors reflect more or less emotion than the client expresses, as doing so can result in the client feeling misunderstood and not listened to.
Summaries, paraphrases, and reflections can be described as: Summarizing Broadest of the three methods for repeating information. Useful at the end or beginning of session. For example, summarizing the session to the client or reorienting the client to the previous session.
Paraphrasing Not as broad as a summary, yet more broad than a reflection. Useful for pacing counseling sessions and for demonstrating empathy to clients. Paraphrases can contain condensed reflections. Counselors can strengthen their reflections by constructing a reflection that integrates content, process, affect, and meaning. For example, "While talking about the loss of your dog content I experience you as alternating between anger and sadness affect.
That makes a lot of sense to me self-disclosuresince you told me that seeing your dog at the end of a stressful day kept you grounded meaning ". Types of Reflections Counselors can reflect a wide range of information, but reflections typically include one or more of the following: Content Reflecting content involves repeating back to clients a version of what they just told you.
Reflecting content shows the client you understand and are listening to them. Emotions Reflecting a client's emotions is often useful for heightening the client's awareness of and ability to label their own emotions. It is important that counselors have a wide emotional vocabulary, so they can tailor their word choice to match a level of emotional intensity that is congruent with a client's experience.
Feeling word charts are useful for reviewing a wide range of feeling words. Meaning As existential theorists observe, humans are meaning making creatures. Reflecting a client's meaning can increase the client's self-awareness while encouraging emotional depth in the session.October 6, Leave a comment. Restating is when you repeat, reiterate words that are being said to you in a conversation. You are demonstrating to your client that you understand and are listening to what is being said to you.
It also helps the client keep on track and focused. It opens up the conversation allowing the client to widen the dialog with you. Reflection is when you turn back the meaning or the feeling of what has been said to you so letting the client make sense of the conversation. It also shows that you as a listener is engaged with what is being said. Paraphrasing is summing up what has been said to you.
It shows to your client that you have been listening to and understanding what has been said. It is best to use the same words that have been mentioned during the conversation. Words can have a different meaning to each of us. If you sum up in your own words you may have a put over a different meaning to what was said.
If a client mentions that he is angry, emotional or satisfied using these words when paraphrasing will ensure that client understands in his own words what has been said during the session. Using these three skills I am helping the client make sense of the conversation, I let him know that I am listening and engaged with what he is saying, I understand what he is saying to me and fully understand the problem as a whole.
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Encouragers, Paraphrasing and Summarising
You are commenting using your Google account. You are commenting using your Twitter account. You are commenting using your Facebook account. Notify me of new comments via email. Notify me of new posts via email. Listening to You My Online Journal. Home My History…. Ian Anderson Active listening.
Active Listening 2. Listening — tips E-mail to Methven. Posts Comments. Introduction to Counselling Uncategorized counselling my search Talking Point. Share this: Twitter Facebook. Like this: Like Loading Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:. Email required Address never made public.This known as paraphrasing. Reflecting and paraphrasing should not only contain what is being said but what emotion or feeling the client is expressing.
Client Mohammed : My ex-wife phoned me yesterday; she told me that our daughter Nafiza who is only 9 is very ill after a car accident. I am feeling very scared for her.
Restating, Reflection and Paraphrasing.
Counsellor: So, Mohammed, you have had some bad news about your little girl, who has been involved in an accident. You are frightened for her and also have worries over money now you have lost your job. You might reflect back the whole sentence, or you might select a few words — or even one single word — from what the client has brought. This is a pity, as reflection can be very powerful. He really gets to me when he is non-accepting. So you can get clarification in this way.
Paraphrasing is repeating back your understanding of the material that has been brought by the client, using your own words. We all use paraphrasing in our everyday lives. If you look at your studies to become a counsellor or psychotherapist, you paraphrase in class.
First of all, it helps the client to feel both heard and understood. The client brings their material, daring to share that with you. You paraphrase it down. And empathy is not a one-way transaction. Carl Rogerspp. When the client feels at some level that they have been understood, then the empathy circle is complete. Spotted out-of-date info or broken links? Email: brokenlink counsellingtutor. Rory has over 10 years expereince as a counselling tutor. He shares his best tips on how to get the most from your counselling studies.
This form collects your name and email address so that we can send you your handout, counselling study-related emails and offers. Member Login - Click Here. Reflecting and Paraphrasing.Active listening means being fully engaged in what a speaker is trying to communicate to you. Active listening is important in building relationships, empathizing with others, and solving problems. It is particularly important to those pursuing psychology careers—understanding clients, developing trusting relationships with them, and helping them resolve their issues are essential aspects of psychology.
Understanding active listening and its benefits and learning useful active listening techniques can help you navigate relationships in both your personal and professional life. Anyone can benefit from sharpening their active listening skills, but those pursuing psychology careers may find that being a good active listener is indispensable.
For example, it can:. Mastering active listening takes practice, but once you get the hang of it, it can become second nature. Practicing the four primary active listening techniques—that is, to paraphrase, summarize, clarify, and reflect—can help you hone your skills and start communicating more effectively in professional counseling settings, as well as in day-to-day interactions. Paraphrasing involves boiling down the essential meaning behind what the speaker has just said and stating it back to them in your own words.
The speaker can then clarify or confirm that the meaning you gathered was what they were trying to convey. When paraphrasing, you should strive to withhold judgment and keep your statements neutral and concise.
This allows the speaker to hear whether or not you have perceived their words as they intended, without them feeling like they are being attacked, critiqued, or analyzed.
When summarizing, the listener picks out the key points of the discussion and relays them back to the speaker. In a psychology setting, this may occur at the end of your session with a client.
Summarizing should be concise and should help you and the speaker connect thoughts and ideas. It can highlight the points that seem most important to the speaker, and give them the chance to confirm the significance of those points, and reflect on their recurrence.
Summarizing can also help both you and the speaker see if there are any themes or connecting threads between the main points that could be explored further, and it can be a useful tool for tracking progress between sessions. Clarifying helps the listener understand what was said and gives the speaker an opportunity to elaborate and assess their thoughts and feelings more precisely.
It also shows the speaker that the listener is invested in understanding them, which can encourage the speaker to continue talking further. To clarify successfully, you should strive to ask open-ended questions—closed yes-or-no questions can shut down a conversation quickly. Reflecting involves rephrasing words or sentences to let the client check and clarify the impact of their words. This helps the speaker make sense of the situation and their feelings about it and helps you better understand those feelings.By Carter McNamara on January 26, Two very useful skills in communicating with others, including when coaching and facilitating, are paraphrasing and summarizing the thoughts of others.
Paraphrasing is repeating in your words what you interpreted someone else to be saying. It can translate comments so that even more people can understand them. When paraphrasing:.
Summarizing is a very important skill for an effective communicator. A good summary can verify that people are understanding each other, can make communications more efficient, and can ensure that the highlights of communications are captured and utilized.
When summarizing, consider the following guidelines: When listening or reading, look for the main ideas being conveyed. Look for any one major point that comes from the communication. What is the person trying to accomplish in the communication? Organize the main ideas, either just in your mind or written down.
Write a summary that lists and organizes the main ideas, along with the major point of the communicator. The summary should always be shorter than the original communication. If possible, have other readers or listeners also read your summary and tell you if it is understandable, accurate and complete. Her company, Coach for Success, designs, implements and coaches in a variety of leadership and executive programs. How Do You Develop It?Imagine you're preparing a presentation for your CEO. You asked everyone in your team to contribute, and they all had plenty to say!
But now you have a dozen reports, all in different styles, and your CEO says that she can spare only 10 minutes to read the final version. What do you do? The solution is to paraphrase and summarize the reports, so your boss gets only the key information that she needs, in a form that she can process quickly.
In this article, we explain how to paraphrase and how to summarize, and how to apply these techniques to text and the spoken word. We also explore the differences between the two skills, and point out the pitfalls to avoid. When you paraphrase, you use your own words to express something that was written or said by another person.
You might use paraphrased material to support your own argument or viewpoint. Paraphrased material should keep its original meaning and approximate length, but you can use it to pick out a single point from a longer discussion. In contrast, a summary is a brief overview of an entire discussion or argument.
You might summarize a whole research paper or conversation in a single paragraph, for example, or with a series of bullet points, using your own words and style.
People often summarize when the original material is long, or to emphasize key facts or points. Summaries leave out detail or examples that may distract the reader from the most important information, and they simplify complex arguments, grammar and vocabulary.
Used correctly, summarizing and paraphrasing can save time, increase understanding, and give authority and credibility to your work. Both tools are useful when the precise wording of the original communication is less important than its overall meaning. Carefully read the text that you want to paraphrase. Highlight, underline or note down important terms and phrases that you need to remember. Find equivalent words or phrases synonyms to use in place of the ones that you've picked out.
A dictionary, thesaurus or online search can be useful here, but take care to preserve the meaning of the original text, particularly if you're dealing with technical or scientific terms. Rewrite the original text, line by line.Reflecting Content and Feeling
Remove complex clauses, and break longer sentences into shorter ones. All of this will make your new version easier to understand. Check your work by comparing it to the original. Your paraphrase should be clear and simple, and written in your own words. It may be shorter, but it should include all of the necessary detail. Despite the undoubted fact that everyone's vision of what constitutes success is different, one should spend one's time establishing and finalizing one's personal vision of it.
Otherwise, how can you possibly understand what your final destination might be, or whether or not your decisions are assisting you in moving in the direction of the goals which you've set yourself? The two kinds of statement — mission and vision — can be invaluable to your approach, aiding you, as they do, in focusing on your primary goal, and quickly identifying possibilities that you might wish to exploit and explore.
We all have different ideas about success. What's important is that you spend time defining your version of success. That way, you'll understand what you should be working toward. You'll also know if your decisions are helping you to move toward your goals.
Used as part of your personal approach to goal-setting, mission and vision statements are useful for bringing sharp focus to your most important goal, and for helping you to quickly identify which opportunities you should pursue. In a conversation — a meeting or coaching session, for example — paraphrasing is a good way to make sure that you have correctly understood what the other person has said. You can use questions like these to repeat the speaker's words back to them.
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